Groundwaters of New Zealand
Michael R Rosen & Paul A White (Editors).
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Groundwaters of New Zealand is the definitive new source for information on the groundwater resources of New Zealand. Written by many of New Zealand's leading experts, the book covers varied aspects of groundwater research, assessment, use, and management in New Zealand.
Chapters document the history of groundwater development in New Zealand, and current research on interactions between groundwater systems and other components of the hydrological cycle. Groundwater quality is explored in chapters on groundwater chemistry and microbiology, and on the health aspects of groundwater. The book also contains detailed regional summaries, covering the location, use, quality, and management of groundwater resources, for the entire country.
This book will be the essential reference text for all environmental, engineering, and resource management professionals working with groundwater, and students of the many scientific and engineering disciplines that contribute to groundwater investigations. Senior secondary school, undergraduate university students, and the many groundwater users will find this book a valuable reference that adds significantly to their understanding of groundwater resources.
What others think
Groundwaters of New Zealand
Michael R. Rosen and Paul A. White, editors
New Zealand Hydrological Society Inc; Wellington North, New Zealand; ISBN0-473-07816-3; 498 pp; 2001; $89.00
Groundwaters of New Zealand attempts to bring together in one volume a complete reference guide to groundwater research and resources in New Zealand. It was written to provide a "state of the art" snapshot of groundwater research, ideas and developments, and current and historical references that encompass the entire country. To this end, this well written, illustrated, and documented book is a grand achievement. However, as an island nation the approximate size and population of the state of Colorado, the book could do a better service by providing a perspective of New Zealand groundwater research and management in relation to practices outside of its borders. With that said, the book is admittedly written with updates in mind, meaning future additions can address areas of advancement and concern as needed.
The book consists of two main sections; the first section summarizes New Zealand's historical and current groundwater resources, its quality, management practices, important physical processes, and common research and evaluative techniques. Each subject is addressed in a separate chapter and is presented as the current status within New Zealand. The second section provides a regional look at groundwater resources, with a separate chapter devoted to each of the 15 regions within New Zealand.
The first two chapters address the history of groundwater development and the current known state of groundwater resources in the country. This historical context provides a foundation for understanding the problems that New Zealand, and the rest of the world, face today regarding water resources. The value of these chapters is extended by the inclusion of the history of New Zealand groundwater laws, regulations, agencies, and management bodies, which again provides context for understanding the current state of groundwater management.
The balance of the first section address separate groundwater topics that are specific concerns within New Zealand. Each topic is a separate chapter with subjects ranging from hydrochemistry of New Zealand aquifers to groundwater-surface water interaction to microbial contamination. Each individually referenced chapter starts with an introduction that frames the importance of the subject to New Zealand, followed by discussions of relevant past studies, current research and status, and future considerations. In most cases, the author(s) of each chapter is(are) directly involved in the topic and are considered the local expert on the subject. Employing an expert author for each chapter has the advantage of a higher level of knowledge being passed to the reader, but the disadvantage of disparate writing styles and chapter formats. However, given the disadvantages, an interested reader should have no problem in finding the information they seek.
The second section of the book addresses the groundwater resources within each of the 15 regions of New Zealand. The Regional Councils, which are the governing bodies at the regional level, are responsible for groundwater resource evaluation and management as it pertains to local quantity and quality issues. Thus each regional summary is authored by the resident groundwater manager(s) within each Regional Council. Each chapter addresses the relative importance of groundwater in the region, the location and description of the primary aquifers, pressures on the groundwater resources, management objectives and approaches, and unique regional features (e.g., hydrothermal resources). What is most evident about these chapters is the variability of groundwater investigations and active management across the regions, with those regions that have a high reliance on groundwater resources, such as Canterbury and Auckland, being further ahead in understanding and managing their groundwater resources, than regions with low reliance (or pressure), such as the West Coast region.
By providing a snapshot of current groundwater usage, management, and science, Groundwaters of New Zealand provides a basis for future studies, coordination, and collaboration, for scientists within and outside New Zealand. For those inside New Zealand, the book provides an excellent resource for referencing past studies and current work to avoid redundancy and misappropriation of funding resources. For those outside New Zealand, the book provides a source of possible collaborative relationships as well as an example of how a single nation approaches the subject. While New Zealand's size lends itself well to documenting the current national status of groundwater science and management, Groundwaters of New Zealand should serve as a template for other nations, states, and/or regions to document their own efforts. To this end, Groundwaters of New Zealand is a valuable read to anyone interested in groundwater science and groundwater resource management.
Thomas S. Lowry - Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque
Lowry, T.S., Reviews, Groundwaters of New Zealand, EOS Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 85(22), June 2004
List of contributors
Part I: Groundwater Research in New Zealand
2 A history of groundwater development in New Zealand. J H Weeber, L J Brown, P A White, W J Russell, H R Thorpe
3 Groundwater resources in New Zealand. P A White
4 Hydrochemistry of New Zealand's aquifers. M R Rosen
5 Rainfall and irrigation recharge to groundwater. H R Thorpe
6 Groundwater-surface water interaction. P A White, B Clausen, B Hunt, S Cameron, J Weir
7 Isotope techniques to determine the flow, provenance and sustainability of groundwater. M Stewart, U Morgenstern
8 Fate and transport of nitrates and pesticides in New Zealand's aquifers. M E Close,M R Rosen and V R Smith
9 Microbial contamination of New Zealand's aquifers. L W Sinton
10 Groundwater and health. H Davies
11 Groundwater management. A Fenemor, C Robb
Part II Regional Groundwater Summaries
12 Northland. S Cameron, S Osbaldiston, G Skuse, C Revfem
13 Auckland. G Crowcroft, A Smaill
14 Waikato. J Hadfield
15 Bay of Plenty. D Gordon
16 Gisborne. D Gordon
17 Hawke's Bay. L D Luba
18 Taranaki. G Stevens
19 Manawatu-Wanganui. G Bekesi
20 Wellington. M Morgan, B Hughes
21 Tasman. J Thomas
22 Marlborough. P Davidson
23 Canterbury. L J Brown
24 West Coast. T James
25 Otago. T Heller
26 Southland. B Hughes